Section 4 of the United States Constitution deals with the roles and responsibilities of individual states. It was a subject of great importance when it was written, given the growing power enjoyed by states in the run-up to the civil war. Article 4 of the Constitution protects citizens and states through the federal government. The motives of the governor who requested extradition should not be questioned. The accused cannot defend himself against charges laid in the State of extradition; The refugee must do so in the receiving State. However, the accused may prevent extradition by providing clear evidence that he was not in the State from which he or she allegedly fled at the time of the crime.  There is no constitutional requirement that extradited refugees be brought to justice only for the offences mentioned in the extradition proceedings. The Constitution does not explain what exactly constitutes a republican form of government. However, there are several places where the principles behind the concept are articulated.
Article Seven, the last and shortest of the original articles of the Constitution, stipulated that before the Constitution could be established as the "law of the land", it had to obtain the consent of the people by ratifying it through people`s assemblies in the various states. Since the Constitution required the ratification of only nine states to establish itself, rather than the unanimous approval required by the articles of Confederation, it was more republican because it protected the majority from being effectively governed or imprisoned by the minority.  A hastily formed "Virginia" provisional legislature was assembled in Wheeling, Virginia. It formally approved the formation of the state and technically met the requirements of the Constitution that the state and Congress must approve a measure to form a new state within its borders. Whether or not this met the requirements set out in that clause is still debated. The creation of West Virginia as a state was done slightly differently from other states because it was part of Virginia. "The founders believed that for government to be republican, political decisions had to be made by a majority (or in some cases, a majority) of voting citizens. Citizens can act either directly or through elected representatives. In any case, the Republican government was accountable to the government to the citizens," Robert G wrote. Natelson, Senior Researcher in Constitutional Jurisprudence at the Independence Institute. The U.S. Constitution is the oldest constitution in the world that is still actively in use.
It was written in 1787 and officially ratified in 1788. Under a parallel clause in Article 1, Section Eight, the Supreme Court ruled that states cannot tax these federal assets. In another case, Kleppe v. In New Mexico, the Court ruled that the federal Wild Horse and Burro Act was a constitutional exercise of Congress` power under the ownership clause — at least to the extent that it was applied to the determination of trespass. The case prohibited entering U.S. public lands and removing wild burros under New Mexico`s Estray Act.  Leland is false. The Republican government they refer to has no connection to the GOP. Republicanism is a term derived from the thought of the Enlightenment and the philosophers of the Enlightenment.
The ideals behind republicanism are life, liberty and property. If you look at James Madison`s Federalist 10, you`ll notice similarities to what was said in this section. That`s because it was based on that. It does not refer to Republicans and Democrats, but to factions; Majority and minority groups. They have provided state governments to try to limit the impact of factions or large political groups that stifle what all minority groups have to say. In fact, this part of the Constitution was made precisely for the purpose of opposing what you have done. Make politics a matter of political prestige and not a better solution for all. Please learn more about political issues next time and please don`t do politics on Democrats or Republicans. Research all aspects of the argument and vote on what is best for our country. Thank you very much.
Luther v. The Borden decision left it to Congress to establish guidelines on the republican character of state governments. This power became an important part of the reconstruction after the Civil War. The radical Republican majority used this clause as a basis for taking control of the former Confederate states and promoting the civil rights of those released, restricting the political and voting rights of ex-Confederates, abolishing the governments of the former Confederate states, and establishing guidelines for the readmission of rebel states to the Union. This clause, commonly referred to as the property clause or "territorial" clause, gives Congress the constitutional power to administer and control any territory or other property belonging to the United States. In addition, the clause also states that nothing contained in the Constitution may be construed as prejudicial to any claim of the United States or any particular state. The exact scope of this clause has long been contested. It is important to note that Section 4 is a general provision and no specific guidance is given on how Congress would achieve this, meaning that it is the responsibility of individual states to formulate their governments.
Great information page, helped me a lot to understand the articles. It`s well organized and easy. Article 4 of the Constitution is the article that describes in detail the states of the United States of America. The article deals with the responsibilities and obligations of States. The article also discusses the role and responsibilities of the federal government. This article is divided into 4 different sections, and these are then divided into different clauses under each section and authority. A political crisis in Rhode Island in the 1840s, the Dorr Rebellion, forced the Supreme Court to rule on the meaning of this clause. At the time, the Rhode Island Constitution was the old royal charter introduced in the 17th century.
In the 1840s, only 40% of the free white men in the state had the right to vote. An attempt to hold a popular convention to write a new constitution was declared an uprising by the Charter government, and congressional leaders were arrested. One of them filed a lawsuit in federal court, arguing that the Rhode Island government had no "republican" character and that his arrest (along with all other government actions) was invalid. In Luther v. Borden, the Court ruled that determining whether a state government is a legitimate republican form, as guaranteed by the Constitution, is a political issue to be resolved by Congress. In fact, the court concluded that the clause was not justiciable. The Constitution is silent on whether a state can unilaterally leave or secede from the Union. However, the Supreme Court found in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot do this unilaterally.
. The second clause protects states from domestic violence and protects states from invasions. This process was widely followed with the formation of all states in the United States. However, it was misapplied when West Virginia was formed from the existing state of Virginia in 1863. .